Indicators show record low levels of underage
drinking among 12-17 year-olds, Since record
keeping began in 2002, drinking is down 27%;
binge drinking has declined 33%; and heavy
drinking has dropped 48 %.. Another
government study, showed that 8th, 10th, and
12th graders’ drug and alcohol use, continued
their long term declines reaching their lowest
points in the history of the study.
Even more, a survey from the UCLA reveals
that the percentage of college freshmen who
spent 6 or more hours “partying” in a typical
week during their senior year of high school
reached a new record low. Down 65 % since
1987. The survey also revealed that the percent
of college freshmen reported drinking beer in is
down 53 % from its peak in 1982 (73.7%).
Best of all, drunk-driving fatalities have
decreased 51% since 1982 and 21 %
overthe last five years alone.
Is It Cocaine Beer?
A brewery in Bolivia has come up with a coca beer, combining the thirst-quenching capability of
beer with the stimulating effect of the Andean nations coca leaf, Ch'ama is a coca and
barley-based alcoholic drink that brewers claim helps locals and visitors cope with Bolivias notorious
high altitude (close to 12,00 ft). Coca, the base substance in the production of cocaine, has
been used for centuries by people native to the high Andean region as a stimulant and to ward
off the debilitating effects of altitude sickness. While it is traditionally rolled up and chewed,
it has also become popular to concoct a tea out of the plant.
Ch'ama beer, which means "Strength" in the Aymara language, is a blend of malt, yeast,
hops and coca leaves, with no additives or preservatives. The coca leaves are soaked in
water before malted barley and hops are added and mixed until it gets its proper consistency.
The ubiquitous use of coca in Bolivia has become a point of contention between the
government of President Evo Morales and the United States, who wants to eliminate the
leaf as part of its anti-drug effort in the region.
Coca growers such as Morales point out that indigenous communities have for centuries chewed
coca to fight off the effects of altitude sickness and fatigue and use it in religious rituals. A Harvard
University study also found the leaves to have a surprisingly high nutritional value, rich in calcium,
iron and vitamins A, B2 and E. However, it said the "toxic alkaloids" comprising 0.25 to 2.25%
of the plant "could make the nutritious coca leaf undesirable as a source of nutrients."
U.S. counterdrug officials insist most of Bolivia's coca crop goes to cocaine production
and say the country has also become a haven for Colombian drug traffickers who also
use Bolivia to refine coca paste imported from Peru.
Bolivia has the world's third-largest coca crop after Peru and Colombia, with more than 67,000
acres under cultivation, according to the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime. Unlike Colombia,
however, most of its cocaine heads not to the United States but to Brazil, Argentina and Europe
the crossroads of the beer world
It's All In The Smell
There’s a Mangalitsa Pig Porter, brewed with pig
heads and bones, a Pearl Necklace Oyster Stout,
made with local river oysters, and a Spirulina Wit,
tinted green from algae. But a trio of beers
conceived by Vancouver brewmaster Jerry O’Dell
might be the most unbelievable yet. O’Dell, a
brewmaster for Malone’s in Vancouver, dubbed
the beers “Jock Brew.” He said his spring lineup -
an ale, a pilsner and a stout - was inspired by the
scent of used sports gear worn by popular
athletes. "No one can argue the appeal of
famous athletes’ scents. So why not create beers
created from the smell of their sweat and success
in sport?” said O’Dell. He believes the beers
should appeal to the palates of sports and craft
beer fanatics alike. For a sunny spring day, O’Dell
recommends Miam-Ale, “a pale ale inspired by the
light, sweet scent of LeBron James of the Miami
Heat.” Great with a steak or a burger is Penguin
Pilsner, a darker, “determined lager beer inspired
by the socks and shirts donated by Sidney
Crosby of the Pittsburgh Penguins.”.